Mubare

Mubare

Gorilla Family

Mubare

6 MEMBERS | UPDATED: 4 DECEMBER 2019

Mubare group located in Buhoma sector is the oldest habituated gorilla group in Bwindi Impenetrable National Park.  The Silverback “Ruhondeza” is the historical group leader who succumbed to old age in June 2012 leaving the group’s leadership in the hands of his surviving oldest son Silverback “Kanyonyi”.  However, in November 2017 a formerly solitary Silverback “Maraya” violently fought and killed “Kanyonyi” before subsequently taking over group leadership. Kanyonyi had previously accidentally fallen from a high tree and sustained injuries which left him too weak and easily susceptible to defeat by the attacker.  When Kanyonyi died most group members emigrated and a couple of infants became victims of infanticide at the wrath of Maraya. Infanticide is a common practice among gorillas more especially when unrelated leaders takeover group governance. Mubare group is currently headed by the dominant Silverback Maraya  and is composed of 6 individuals including; 1 Silverback, 3 Adult females and 2 Infants. The group is uniquely known for Single male leadership and strong male intolerance to intra-male competition. The group’s historical leader (Ruhondeza) was well known for practicing ‘infanticide’ to eliminate the would-be future competitors  until when his ageing made it possible for some mothers to evade his wrath leading to the survival of only two of his sons: Kanyonyi and Muyambi.

  • 1

    Silverbacks

  • 3

    Adult females

  • 0

    Blackbacks

  • 0

    Sub-adult females

  • 0

    Juveniles

  • 2

    Infants

About mountain gorillas

The eastern gorilla is a large hominid with a large head, broad chest, and long arms. It has a flat nose with large nostrils. The face, hands, feet and breast are bald. The fur is mainly black, but adult males have a silvery “saddle” on their back. When the gorilla gets older, the hair on the saddle of the back becomes white, much like the gray hair of elderly people. This is why the older males are called silverbacks. Grauer’s gorilla has a shorter, thicker, deep black fur, while the mountain gorilla has a more bluish color. The mountain gorilla is slightly smaller and lighter than Grauer’s gorilla, but still larger and heavier than the western lowland gorilla and the Cross River gorilla. Males are much larger than females. A full-grown male eastern gorilla typically weighs 140–205.5 kg (309–453 lb) and stands 1.7 m (5.6 ft) upright.

The goal of the International Gorilla Conservation Programme (IGCP) is to ensure the conservation of mountain gorillas and their regional afromontane forest habitat in Rwanda, Uganda and the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC).

Bwindi Impenetrable National Park

Bwindi Impenetrable National Park

Situated in South-Western Uganda, Bwindi Impenetrable Forest is a large primeval forest at the edge of the Albertine Rift and the western branch of the East African Rift, at elevations ranging from 1,160 to 2,607 metres. The majestic forest is home to half of the world's population of mountain gorillas.